পরীক্ষায় কল্পিত (imaginary) কিংবা পরিচিত (well-known) কোন situation বা গল্পের শুরুর অংশ দেয়া থাকবে। প্রদত্ত পরিস্থিতির subject, environment ও ভাষাগত অবস্থার (style of language) সঙ্গে সঙ্গতি রেখে যুক্তিসঙ্গত উপায়ে গল্পটি সমাপ্ত করতে হবে। গল্পটি সমাপ্ত করার ক্ষেত্রে গল্পের বিষয়ের উপর ভিত্তি করে ধারা অনুযায়ী প্রয়োজনে Para/অনুচ্ছেদ আকারে উত্তরটি সমাপ্ত করতে হবে। গল্পের বিষয় অনুযায়ী আয়তন 150 থেকে 250 কিংবা ততোধিক শব্দের হতে পারে। তবে, তা কোনোক্রমেই যেন 150 word-এর কম না হয়। গল্পের বর্ণনা ভঙ্গি অনুযায়ী উদ্ধৃতি ব্যবহার করে উত্তর করা বাঞ্ছনীয় । উল্লেখ্য, গল্পটি সমাপ্ত করার জন্য প্রশ্নপত্রে লাইনের সংখ্যাও নির্ধারণ করে দেয়া থাকতে পারে। সেক্ষেত্রে তা পুরোপুরি অনুসরণ করতে হবে।
Story Writing-এর একটি প্রধান বৈশিষ্ট্য হচ্ছে এর ভাষা (Language)। Story’র ভাষাটি অবশ্যই Colloquial বা কথ্য রূপে হতে হবে। এক্ষেত্রে quotation (উদ্ধৃতি) দেয়া এবং contraction (শব্দ সংক্ষেপ) ব্যবহার করা খুবই জরুরী।
Story লিখতে হবে:
- প্রশ্নে প্রসত্ত beginning বা Outline বার বার পড়তে হবে।
- পরিচিত কিংবা fable হলে তার প্রেক্ষাপট বুঝতে হবে।
- কল্পিত বিষয় হলে কী/কোন বিষয়ে লিখতে বলা হয়েছে তা বুঝতে হবে।
- প্রদত্ত clue অনুযায়ী মনের ভিতর গল্পের একটি plot তৈরি করতে হবে।
- বর্ণনায় Past tense ব্যবহার করতে হবে।
- সম্পূর্ণ গল্পটির plot অনুযায়ী গল্পের উপযুক্ত Title বা শিরোনাম লিখতে হবে।
- নীতিশিক্ষামূলক গল্প হলে গল্পের শেষে Moral-টি লিখে দেয়া যেতে পারে।
- প্রয়োজনীয় উদ্ধৃতির ক্ষেত্রে সর্বদা direct speech ব্যবহার করতে হবে।
- গল্পের প্রয়োজনে দু’একটি point অতিরিক্ত হিসেবে যোগ করা যেতে পারে। বর্ণনার
- গল্পটি সুবিধার্থে প্রয়োজনে ২/৩ অনুচ্ছেদে লিখতে হবে।
- এবং অবশ্যই প্রশ্নের শুরুর অংশ কিংবা অন্যান্য point-গুলো পুরাপুরি ব্যবহার করতে হবে।
Table of Contents
Law is Equal for All
Long ago, there was a Sultan in Bengal. His name was Glasuddin Azam His capital was Sonargaon near Dhaka. He was a very just and kind ruler. The Sultan’s hobby was hunting. Very often he went on hunting. One day he was hunting deer in the jungle. Aiming at Fawn he shot but missed. The arrow by chance pierced a son of a window. Hearing the news, the widow was very much shocked and disappointed. Because the Viet was her only child. So she went to the Kazi to pray for justice. She complained against the Sultan. The Kazi was moved to pity hearing the shocking news. But he could not decide what to do. Because the complaint was against the Sultan. If he did justice to the widow, the Sultan might be displeased. Again if he did not do it, he would remain guilty to the widow and to the almighty Allah. At last, he made up his mind to bring the Sultan for justice. The king stood before the Kazi. The Kazi asked him whether the complaint is true. The Sultan answered in the affirmative and he was ordered to compensate (ক্ষতিপূরণ দেওয়া) the loss of the widow. The Sultan happily accepted the proposal and compensated the widow. Being pleased, the widow went home. The Kazi thanked the Sultan for his justness. The king also thanked the Kazt for his sense of duty.
The Foolish Crow and A Sly Jackal
One day a crow stole a piece of meat. It flew away and sat on the branch of a tree. Suddenly a fox noticed it and hit upon a plan to eat the piece of meat. Finally, he asked the crow to sing a song with Its beautiful voice. The foolish crow at first did not want to sing but the clever fox said. If you start singing, most of the animals in the forest will come to listen and you will be famous. Hearing the praising word the foolish crow started singing. When the crow opened its beak the piece of meat fell down. The sly fox at once took the piece of meat and went away hastily. The foolish crow could not do anything.
The Reward of an Honest Rickshaw Puller
Abdur Rahim is a rickshaw puller. He is very poor. Everyday he has to work hard to maintain his family. One day while he was pulling rickshaw, a gentle man got on his rickshaw. The man reached the destination (S) and paid him the fare. But at the time of putting his purse into his pocket, it dropped inside the rickshaw. The man went away. Abdur Rahim wanted to take rest for a while and went to a quiet place. Suddenly he saw a purse on his rickshaw. Being confused (feed) what to do, he took it to his house. At home he opened the purse and found twenty thousand taka inside the purse. He showed his wife Jarina the purse. She told him to keep the taka for themselves. But the rickshaw puller did not agree with his wife. He wanted to find out the person who dropped the purse. But his wife insisted her husband for keeping the money for themselves. She pointed out logically on behalf of using the money for themselves. She even began to quarrel with her husband on the Issue. But the ricksha puller was honest. He paid no heed to his wife’s argument. He thought if he returned the money to the owner of the purse, he would reward (d) him some money. So he found out the address of the owner and returned the money to him. The owner of the purse became very pleased. He then seemed to be overwhelmed with the pleasure of getting back money rather than experessing grateful (p) to the rickshaw puller.
Who will bell the cat?/ Easier to say but difficult to do.
Once some mice were having a good time in the house of a rich man. They always roamed about crying and leaping even biting the children. The owner of the house brought a cat to drive them away. The mice fell in great problem. So they sat together in a conference. Most of them present in the conference argued and contrived in many ways. Towards the uncompromised (ere) finishing of the conference a young rat vigorously stood up and said that a bell might be tied round the rece the cat so that they could be easily aware of the sudden appearance (s) of the cat to escape themselves then and there. All clapped merrily seconding him. But soon after this, an old mouse said. The proposal of the young lad is good and very good. I support. But who will bell the cat”? At this all were stone still. There was a pin drop silence in the conference. The meeting ended with no decision and the mice eventually migrated to save their own lives
Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) on Begging
Once Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) was sitting with his followers. All of a sudden a man came to him. He was healthy. He came near Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) and said to him. “Please. Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) give me some food.”
Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) asked him if he had anything at home. The man said that he had only one blanket. Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) told him to bring the blanket. The man went home and again came back with the blanket in his hand. Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) took the blanket and said to the followers: “Is there anybody here to buy this blanket?” One of the followers raised his hand. Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) sold the blanket and gave half of the money to the man to buy food. He gave the rest of the money to buy an axe. He requested the man to maintain his family by doing the work of a woodcutter. He said to him. “Do not beg. Begging is not good at all.”
Grapes are Sour
Once a hungry fox was searching for food in the forest After a while, he came to a vineyard. He was very tempted at the sight of grapes. But the grapes were hanging very high. The grapes were too high for him to reach. The fox felt greedy to see the grapes. He wanted to have some of them. So he was thinking about how he could reach the grapes. But there was no way to reach the grapes. So finding no other alternative he ran and jumped high to catch the nearest bunch of grapes. He made several attempts but all were in vain. Each time he missed the juicy grapes. At last, he became tired and disappointed. He thus, consoled himself saying, “I did not really mean to have these grapes. These grapes are sour indeed.”
Slow and Steady Wins: the Race
Once there lived a hare in a forest. He was always proud of his speed of movement. A tortoise also. lived there. The hare always teased the tortoise for its slow speed. One day he challenged the tortoise in a race. The tortoise said. “You can run quite fast, no doubt. But think you boost about your ar speed more than you can run. I think I can beat you.” “Do you hear that?” said the hare to a fox, who was standing near. “Could anyone even think ‘that such a slow coach could beat me in a race?” “It would be a good joke if he did,” said the fox. “Do you wish to run a race? I will be the judge if you care to have me.” “That suits me well,” answered the hare. “I am willing,” said the tortoise. So the fox marked off a place for starting and set up a stake at the goal. The race began. ‘The hare hounded along and was very soon far ahead of the tortoise. He called back to the fox, “I think I shall take a little nap before I finish the race; the tortoise will not reach here for an hour or rare.” So he lay down in some bushes and went to sleep. Every minute brought the tortoise a little nearer to the goal. He did not stop for a second. At last, he passed the hare, but the hare still slept. On and on he plodded: It was a long way, but he had no thought of stopping. He came nearer and nearer to the goal. At last, his foot touched the stake. The hare wakened, stretched himself, and leaped toward the goal. “What, you here!! he cried when he saw the tortoise. “How did you ever reach here? Just be keeping at it.” said the tortoise
Rumour Results In Tragedy
Sufin is a worker in a big garment factory. More than flee thousand workers work in that factory One day while she was busy at work a sound was heard, “Fire! Fire! Help! Help As il news runs apace, the news spread very fast among the workers. Naturally, all the workers got into a panic. They started to run at a time towards the gate of the garments factory. There was only one gate to come out of the factory and only one stair to come down to the gate. So while all the workers were trying to come out of the factory using the only stair, some workers fell down. Rina was one of them. They were trodden down by other workers. At least ten workers were severely injured and two-faced death. But fortunately, Rina’s injury was not fatal. It was irony of fate that there was actually no fire. In fact, a naughty young worker out of jest cried out saying “Fire. fire. The other workers took it true and started to come out of the factory resulting in a tragic accident.
A Liar Cowboy/ Nobody believes a liar
Once there lived a cowboy in a village. He used to graze cattle near a forest. It was not very far away from his village. Besides his usual duty, he sang and played the flute. But the boy had a bad habit. He used to tell lies just to make fun. One day he wanted to make fun with the villagers. So, he began to shout. “Wolf! Wolf! Help! Help! The villagers heard the cry. They would come running to help him. Then the cowboy would begin to laugh and say that he only made fun with them. Being disgusted the people would go back. At last the annoyed men went away saying, “If the rascal cries out again, we won’t go for his help.” One day a tiger really came and the boy cried out. “Wolf! Wolf! Please help me!” The people heard him shouting but they did not come. They thought that the boy was again playing his trick to make a joke with them. The tiger attacked the cowboy and killed him. The villagers heard his cries for help, but they did not come because they thought he was lying. The cowboy’s death taught the villagers a valuable lesson: a liar is never believed, even when he is telling the truth.
Nature and our Farmer
The farmer wiped his sweat with the dirty towel dangling from his shoulder. He looked at the sky. There was no sign of rein. He looked at the growing corn. A grim future appeared in his vision. A rep sigh came from within. If only we had a pump.” He thought of his uncertain future. He was afraid of the loan he took from the moneylender. He thought about his family’s arid children. A depression gripped him. His fate is dependent on Rair, he thought. “There is no control over the game of nature. How helpless we are!” re-opined the poor fallow. He got to his house. He looked very depressed. There is no hue and cry in his house. His house’s so quiet as if it were a lifeless place. He could not sleep soundly. He dreamt that the rain had come and he had a bumper harvest. He woke up early and went to the corn field where his well and woe lay. In the afternoon: the sky looked cloudy. The farmer became excited. He waited eagerly. He prayed to God for the shower. After a while came the rain. He was relieved (36) of all the excitement. But this relief is for the time being. He knew he would have to wait until the harvest. The thought of another calamity came into his mind. Yet he thought about the better days of having a good harvest. But all bis hopes were nipped in the bud when the growing corn was destroyed for healing after a week. The farmer became wordless, He only looked at the sky like a baby.
A Thirsty Crow
One day, a crow became very thirsty. He flew from place to place in search of water. But he found no water. He continued his search for water. At last, he saw a jar at a distance. He flew down to it. There was a little water at the bottom of the jar. But it was too low for the crow. The crow tried to upset the jar. But the crow was not too strong to do it. The crow was in a fix on what to do. Reasonably he became very disappointed. He was thinking about what could be done. But he could not find any means to quench his thirst. At last, losing heart when he was about to fly away, he saw some pieces of stones lying at a little distance. At once he hit upon a plan. He got to the stones and took a piece of stone in his mouth. He flew to the pitcher and dropped the stone into it. He continued the same task several times and gradually the level of water was rising. At last, the water level came within his reach. Then he drank water to his heart’s content and flew away.
Moral: Where there is a will there is a way.
Failure is the pillar of Success
Robert Bruce, king of Scotland, fought several battles to regain his country’s freedom but was each time defeated. Naturally, he was very sad. So, He fled away from his kingdom and took shelter in a remote cave. The king was always in a gloomy state for his unhappy condition. Once he was thinking of his sad lot lying in the cave. Sude only he noticed a spider trying hard to reach the ceiling of the cave. The spider failed again and again to attain success. But it did not give up hope. Bruce saw the spider climbing to the ceiling after six unsuccessful attempts. This dauntless spider inspired Robert Bruce to shake off the darkness of despair. He gathered an army of strong men and attacked his enemies. The enemies courted defeat and Robert Bruce regained his kingdom.
An Instance of Truthfulness
In his boyhood, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Zilant (R) was going to Baghdad for education. On the eve of his departure from home. his mother said to him. “My son, never tell a lie, and don’t get frightened in danger. Baghdad was far away from his home. He began his journey in the company of a band of merchants. The way he was infested with robbers and after five days a gang of robbers fell upon them and plundered their belongings and money. On their way up, the chief of the robbers asked Abdul Qadir whether he had anything valuable with him or not. Abdul Qadir boldly replied. “Tve forty gold coins sewed in my shirt”. The leader felt surprised and said. “You might not have disclosed the fact. The leader asked him why he had told them the truth. Abdul Qadir told them about her mother’s saying not to tell a lie even in danger. He told them that to tell a lie is a great sin and that everyone should always speak the truth. The robbers were highly astonished by the godliness of the boy. They felt ashamed of their deeds and gave up the robbery.
None can befool all/ Trick of a Cunning Fox/ A Fox without a Tall
Once there was a clever fox in a jungle. One day, when the fox was walking through Jungle, he fell into a trap. He could somehow get out of the trap, but he had to leave his tall behind. Without his tall, the fox looked very odd and strange. “What should I do now?” he cried. But the fox was very clever. He thought and thought. Then once Fox had a good idea. So he made a plan. I’m going to ask all the foxes to come to a meeting in the jungle,” he said to himself. When the foxes knew about the meeting, they came quickly. “That Fox is very clever.” all of them said. “What’s he going to tell us? When the Fox saw all the foxes there, he felt very happy and pleased. “Now listen, my friends,” he said. “Why have I asked you to come here? It’s because I’ve made a very important discovery that, our tails are not useful. They look ugly. So we should cut off our tails. All the foxes were listening to the clever fox. Suddenly an old fox stood and said. “My friend, your plan is very interesting but foolish. You have no tail. So you want us to cut off our tails because you have lost your own tail. We shall not cut off our tails.”
Selfless Help has its Reward
Once an ant was very thirsty. He went to a pond to drink water. When he began to drink water, a wave swept him away. He was about to drown. As hard as she tried she could not manage to swim to the bank. At that moment a dove flew by and seeing the struggling ant, took pity on her distress. She broke a branch from a nearby tree. And dropped it into the water. The ant did not delay but clambered nimbly onto the branch and at last reached the safety of the bank. Not long after this, the ant was out for a stroll when she came upon the dove again. A hunter was just about to trap the bird. The ant noticed it. At once the ant remembered the great help of the dove. She thought she must do something for the dove. She could not I et one die before her eyes who once saved her life. So she hurriedly but on the sly got to the hunter and bit him severely. Being troubled by the ant the hunter moved forward which caused a sound. Hearing the sound the dove could escape from being trapped by flying away. Afterward, the dove met the ant and expressed her gratefulness to her. Since then they became good friends. In fact, helping others selflessly never goes unrewarded. One who helps others selflessly is helped by others somehow, somewhere, sometimes.
A Friend in need is a friend indeed
There were two friends. They lived in a certain village. They promised (611) that they would help each other in time of danger. One day they were passing through a deep forest. Suddenly a bear (5) came in front of them. So both of them were afraid and were at a loss for what to do. One of them knew how to climb a tree. He at once climbed a tree and hid himself. The other man, finding no alternative (F), fell on the ground and held his breath pretending (H) to be dead. The bear came up to him and smelt his nose, ears, and face, took him to be a dead man, and left the place. When the bear was gone, the man in the tree came down and said, “Thank God that you are saved. But friend. I saw the bear put its mouth very close to your ear. Did it say anything to you?” The friend replied. “Yes, the bear told me not to trust a friend who left me in danger to seek his own safety.”
Moral▸ A friend in need is a friend indeed.
Determination can make a person successful
Marlum is the daughter of very poor parents. At the age of fifteen, her parents gave her to marry a very poor boy. He is very lazy. He does not do any work. So Marium works hard to support her family. But she is always anxious about what will happen if she gives birth to a female child. At last, she gave birth to a daughter. Her husband became very unhappy. She could not bear the rude behavior of her husband. At last, she left her husband’s house. She came to Dhaka city in search of a living. One of her relatives helped her to manage a job in a garment factory. A few years went by Her daughter grew up. She did not lose heart. She came to know that the govt made education free for girl students. She again got herself admitted to class nine. She studied very well and she made a good result in her HSC exam. Later she became a primary school teacher. She began to lead a happy life.
A Slave and a Lion
A rich man had a slave. The man was very cruel to him. So the slave became sick of his cruel treatment. He decided to run away from his master. One day he ran away to a forest. There he hid himself in a cave. As he lay there thinking, he heard the groaning of the lion. He saw a lion coming towards him. He became very afraid of seeing the animal and could not think what to do. The lion came near him and lifted his paw. The slave took the lion’s paw in his hand and saw a sharp piece of stone stuck to it. He could understand that the lion was suffering from severe pain. He felt sympathy for the lion. He pulled the stone out. Then the lion was relieved of his pain. And, the lion started licking the feet of the slave.
Sincereness of a Dog
Once a boy was going to a place by ship. His pet dog was with him. The boy and the dog were on the deck of the ship. The boy came near the railing of the ship. He sat leaning against the railing. He was watching the waves that dashed against the ship. Suddenly he fell into the river. The dog saw this. Then and there it came to his rescue. It informed the crew of his drawing master. The crew dropped a lifeboat near the boy. By struggling hard, he swam to the boat. At last, he was able to get into the boat. Thus the pet dog saved the life of his mater.
An example of humanity
The night was stormy. Thick darkness enveloped the face of the earth. Dogs were barking loudly. Suddenly, I heard a knock at my door. I went to see from the hole in my door to see who there was. But to my utter surprise, I found no one. I came back into the room. But after some time I heard the knock again. This time I saw that a strange man was standing there. I asked him his whereabouts. He told that he was a passerby and had become a victim of the storm. He wanted to pass the night at my home. I was in indecision. As he was a stranger, my mind was not allowing him. On the other hand, he was in danger, so I could not leave him out. In this dilemma, I allowed him to enter. I told my mother to give him dinner. At dinner time, at one point in our discussion, it was identified that he is one of the closest friends of my late father. The man passed the night in peace and showed a lot of gratitude to us while leaving in the morning.
The Right Judgement of The Kazi
Glas Uddin Azam Shah was a great ruler of Bengal. He was very kind and just. He was fond of hunting. One day he went hunting in a nearby jungle. He aimed at a fawn but his aim missed the fawn and by chance, the arrow pierced the son of a widow. The widow was very much shocked and disappointed as the victim was her only child. She went to the Kazt to pray for Justice. She complained against the Sultan. The Kazi was moved to pity hearing the shocking news. But he could not decide what to do. Because the complaint was against the Sultan. If he did justice to the widow, the Sultan might be displeased. Again if he did not do it. he would remain guilty to the widow and to almighty Allah. At last he made up his mind to bring the Sultan to justice. The Sultan stood before Karl. The Kazi asked him whether the complaint is true. The Sultan answered in the affirmative and he was ordered to compensate the loss of the widow. The Sultan agreed and compensated the widow. The Kazi thanked the Sultan for his sense of duty. The Sultan also thanked the Kazi for his Justness.
A Ghostly Event in Hallucination
It was a holiday, and Rimi was staying home alone as her parents had gone to their village home. They told Rimi to remain careful and also assured her that they would come back before evening. She thought of making good use of her lonely time. She was fond of reading adventure stories and so started reading one. Suddenly she heard a sound coming from the kitchen. She went through the kitchen cabinets and found nothing suspicious. She felt a little better when she saw that her dog was not barking or showing teeth at anything All of a sudden her dog started moving his head as he was watching something dancing or running. His head was moving across the ceiling and then backed down to the kitchen counter again. Then, her dog moved his head and stared straight at her. She screamed because she felt that a ghost was either right beside or behind her. She ran to her room upstairs and locked the door. She started crying out of fear and listened to her dog barking crazily. Then, at a stage, the barking stopped. Her bedroom was spacious, but her bed was right in the corner near the window and the closet. She was sitting under the covers waiting to hear her dog barking again. It was all quiet. Then, she heard her dog scratching and barking even louder at her door. There was only one meaning to this, the ghost was in her room. Next thing she knew she was woken up by her mother on the kitchen counter. She asked her what had happened and Rimi told her the story in detail. Rimi told her that all she remembered was passing out in her bed. Rimi’s mother looked at her and smiled. Then she said, “It was nothing but a hallucination. It’s ok now sweetie, everything is fine now…”
Meeting up an Avoidable Quarrel
Lina is a student of class ten. One day in the afternoon she was gossiping with her friend beside a pond near her house. While gossiping she noticed two small boys quarreling over a trifling matter. She did not take it seriously thinking that their quarrel would come to an end soon. But the boys were quarreling and scuffling with each other. A few adult passersby were also trying to pacify the enraged boys. She went up to them and asked them the reason behind the quarrel. One of them informed her that the boys were fighting because at the school one of the boys had spoken rudely with another boy at the canteen during the break. The boy who had spoken rudely was not ready to apologize; as a consequence, heated arguments ensued followed by scuffling In the meantime. Lina had intervened wisely and settled the matter convincingly. She felt really bad that such a trivial issue that could have been settled peacefully was blown out of proportion. How foolish the youngsters at times behave!